Educating for Citizenship:

A Working Bibliography for the Georgia Team


A.M. D. "Real Missionary Work." Spelman Messenger 5.1 (November 1888): 3.

Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Bailey, Psyche S. "Master Builder." Spelman Messenger 8.4 (February 1892): 3.

DeForest, John. "The Man and Brother, I." Atlantic Monthly 22 (September 1868): 337-48.

DeForest, John. "The Man and Brother, II." Atlantic Monthly 22 (October 1868): 414-25.

Foster, Frances Smith. A Brighter Coming Day: A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader. New York: Feminist Press, 1990.

Foster, Sarah Jane. Sarah Jane Foster, Teacher of the Freedmen: A Diary and Letters. Ed. Wayne E. Reilly. Charlottesville: U Press of Virginia, 1990.

Gordon, Nora A. "Influence on National Character." Spelman Messenger 5.1 (November 1888): 1.

Harper, Frances E. W. Minnie's Sacrifice, Sowing and Reaping, Trial and Triumph: Three Rediscovered Novels. Ed. Frances Smith Foster. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.

Haygood, Atticus. "Spelman Seminary." Eighth Annual Catalogue and Circular of Spelman Seminary: 1888-89. Atlanta: Spelman Messenger Office, 1889, rear cover essay.

Jones, Jacqueline. Soldiers of Light and Love: Northern Teachers and Georgia Blacks, 1865-1873. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina Press, 1980.

"The Quarles Family: Five Generations." Spelman Messenger 97.2 (Winter 1981): 40-41.

"Spelman Seminary." The Baptist Home Mission Monthly 17.10 (October 1895): 363-65.

"Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, GA." [reprint from The Independent.] Spelman Messenger 8.7 (May 1892): 5.

Robbins, Sarah. "Gendering the Debate over African Americans' Education in the 1880s: Frances Harper's Reconfiguration of Atticus Haygood's Philanthropic Model." Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers. Spring 2002.

Walls, Carrie P. "Children's Exchange." Spelman Messenger 3.1 (November 1886): 6.

Warner, Charles Dudley. "Colored Schools South: From Harper's Weekly." Spelman Messenger 7.3 (May 1887): 1.

White, Claudia. "False Prophets." Spelman Messenger 13.8 (June 1897): 1.

Yarborough, Murial Ruth Ketchum. Interviews with Deborah Mitchell. Fall, 2000 and spring 2001.

Note: Transcriptions Courtesy of the Spelman College Archives.


Click Here for additional notes on the development of this material


Creating a New Context for Studying African Americans' Post-Civil War Education
by Sarah Robbins

A Timeline of Spelman College's Early History
by Ed Hullender

Father Quarles and Aunt Ruth: Leaders for Spelman and All of Georgia
by Deborah Mitchell

Early Graduates: Writers and Community Leaders
Transcriptions from the Spelman Messenger

Reflections on Writing (from) an Oral History
by Deborah Mitchell

Doing Archival Research
by Ed Hullender



Content Design/Management: Traci Blanchard and Marty Lamers


Home | Curricular Program | Thematic Content
Classroom Resources | Community Projects | Who We Are


© 2000-2001KCAC
No materials on this website should be copied or distributed
(except for classroom use) without written permissions from KCAC.
Questions? Comments? Contact KSU webmaster Jim Cope.


a project funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities